Social Exclusion And Poverty In India Pdf
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And while poverty has a profound effect on some, though not all, of these aspects of social exclusion, there are other important causal factors of social exclusion such as age, disability, ethnicity, gender and employment status. Based on a comprehensive review of the literature in , Levitas et al.
- Social Exclusion from Development Programmes: A study on different castes of West Bengal
- Social exclusion
- Tackling Social Exclusion and Marginality for Poverty Reduction: Indian Experiences
Who is socially excluded and how is social exclusion SE related to poverty, conflict and insecurity? How can governments, civil society and donors reduce SE? Governments, civil society and donors should tackle the challenges posed by SE. Not only for reasons of equality, but also to reduce poverty, improve the productive capacity of societies and reduce conflict and insecurity.
Social Exclusion from Development Programmes: A study on different castes of West Bengal
Marginality pp Cite as. This chapter examines changes in poverty in combination with changes in income and the character of income growth for multiple socio-religious groups in India. The extent to which income growth has been pro-poor was also evaluated. Income growth was compared between agricultural and non-agricultural livelihoods, between rural and urban areas, and across ethnic, caste, and religious groups. The analysis found that poverty was reduced at a lower rate for Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes, and Muslims, who suffer from social exclusion and discrimination, than for the rest of the society. These groups have a history of high levels of poverty in India, and compared to mainstream society members these groups typically own less agricultural land, have less access to private non-agricultural economic activities, and are more dependent on wage employment. The most extreme and persistently poor generally have common features, such as a lack of assets and education, but they also often belong to certain social groups—typically groups distinguished by race, color, social origin caste , religion, or geographical location.
Poverty and social exclusion are important socio-economic variables which are often taken for granted while considering ill-health effects. Social exclusion mainly refers to the inability of our society to keep all groups and individuals within reach of what we expect as society to realize their full potential. Marginalization of certain groups or classes occurs in most societies including developed countries and perhaps it is more pronounced in underdeveloped countries. In the Indian context, caste may be considered broadly as a proxy for socio-economic status and poverty. In the identification of the poor, scheduled caste and scheduled tribes and in some cases the other backward castes are considered as socially disadvantaged groups and such groups have a higher probability of living under adverse conditions and poverty. The health status and utilization patterns of such groups give an indication of their social exclusion as well as an idea of the linkages between poverty and health. We examined data on prevalence of anaemia, treatment of diarrhoea, infant mortality rate, utilization of maternal health care and childhood vaccinations among different caste groups in India.
Indian society is characterized by multiple forms of exclusion associated with group identities. This work wants to examine the nature and dimensions of social exclusion from development programmes in the Indian state of West Bengal on the basis of various castes and to analyze the factors behind. It is tested here whether there exists any relationship between different castes and level of social exclusion, and that between intra-group heterogeneity and group social exclusion values. Both secondary and primary data have been used. Sample of households was chosen through multi-stage stratified random sampling. In a three dimension exclusion space of health, education and income the household level social exclusion is measured by Normalized Euclidean Distance. Calculated value is regressed on caste characteristics of the sample households.
Don't have an account? This chapter discusses the social exclusion framework to understand the deprivation and poverty of low caste groups that have suffered exclusion and differential treatment across multiple spheres. It presents the forms and nature of discrimination associated with the institution of caste and untouchability in various markets, and discrimination in non-market transactions such as in the delivery of services supplied by public institutions in education, health, and food. This chapter also deals with the consequences of market and non-market discrimination, which entail denial of equal access to economic, social and political rights that result in lower income and high poverty among discriminated groups. It highlights the need for policies that ensure non-discriminatory access to market and non-market institutions for the discriminated groups. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.
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Tackling Social Exclusion and Marginality for Poverty Reduction: Indian Experiences
Social exclusion or social marginalisation is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society. It is a term used widely in Europe and was first used in France. Social exclusion is the process in which individuals are blocked from or denied full access to various rights , opportunities and resources that are normally available to members of a different group, and which are fundamental to social integration and observance of human rights within that particular group  e. Alienation or disenfranchisement resulting from social exclusion can be connected to a person's social class , race, skin color, religious affiliation, ethnic origin, educational status , childhood relationships,  living standards , and or political opinions, and appearance. Anyone who appears to deviate in any way from perceived norms of a population may thereby become subject to coarse or subtle forms of social exclusion.
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