causes effects and solutions of plastic pollution pdf

Causes Effects And Solutions Of Plastic Pollution Pdf

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Causes, Effects & Solutions for Plastic Pollution

We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. The soil in which our fruit and vegetables grow is also suffering its consequences, the effects of which getting to us directly, for instance, through the aforementioned foodstuffs. The time has come to look after what lies under our feet! Soil pollution is mostly caused by chemical substances produced by human activity. The soil is the skin of the earth, a mantle full of scars, thousand-year-old wrinkles and more recent injuries caused both by man and nature itself.

Some of these ulcers are incurable — such as the extinction of species —, whereas others jeopardise health and food security, all of which threaten the well-being of the world's 3. This invisible affliction appears when the concentration of pollutants on the surface becomes so high that it harms land biodiversity and endangers health, particularly through food.

Activities such as stock breeding and intensive farming use chemicals, pesticides and fertilisers that pollute the land, just as happens with heavy metals and other natural and man-made chemical substances. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil.

Moreover, recovery is so slow that it would take 1, years to create a 1 centimetre layer of arable soil. Phenomena such as erosion, loss of organic carbon, increased salt content, compacting, acidification and chemical pollution are the major causes of current soil degradation. Moreover, the FAO distinguishes between two types of soil pollution:. Among the most common causes of soil contamination caused by human activity, the FAO highlights industry, mining, military activities, waste — which includes technological waste — and wastewater management, farming, stock breeding the building of urban and transport infrastructures.

Annual global consumption of fertilisers. The toxic substances that are deposited on the earth's surface harm our health and well-being and affect food, water and air quality. Soil pollutants enter our body through the food chain, causing illnesses to appear. Moreover, the spread of antibiotics in the environment increases the pathogens' resistance to these drugs. Soil pollution agents jeopardise world food security by reducing the amount and quality of harvests.

In the first decade of the 21st century, soil degradation released between 3. Soil degradation affects the quality of air and water, particularly in developing countries. Soil degradation and climate change will have driven between 50 and million people to emigrate by Soil degradation is a complex problem that requires governments, institutions, communities and individuals to take joint measures. The following are just some of the things we can do to improve its health:.

Skip to main content. Share in Twitter. Share in Facebook. Whatsapp Whatsapp. Soil pollution, its effects on our future and what we can do to reduce it We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. Carousel of images and videos.

Moreover, the FAO distinguishes between two types of soil pollution: Specific pollution: accounted for by particular causes, occurring in small areas the reasons for which can be easily identified. Land pollution such as this is normally found in cities, old factory sites, around roadways, illegal dumps and sewage treatment stations. Widespread pollution: covers extensive areas and has several causes the reasons for which are difficult to identify. Cases such as these involve the spreading of pollutants by air-ground-water systems and seriously affect human health and the environment.

Poorer harvests Soil pollution agents jeopardise world food security by reducing the amount and quality of harvests. Climate change In the first decade of the 21st century, soil degradation released between 3. Water and air pollution Soil degradation affects the quality of air and water, particularly in developing countries.

Population displacement Soil degradation and climate change will have driven between 50 and million people to emigrate by The following are just some of the things we can do to improve its health: Eat sustainable foodstuffs , properly recycle batteries, produce homemade compost and dispose of drugs in the places authorised for this purpose. Encourage a more eco-friendly model for industry, farming and stock breeding, among other economic activities.

Improve urban planning and transport planning and waste water treatment. Improve the management of mining waste, restore the landscape and conserve topsoil. Involve local communities and indigenous peoples in the design, implementation and assessment of sustainable land and soil management.

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Solutions to plastic pollution

Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum with properties ideally suited for a wide variety of applications, including packaging, building and construction, household and sports equipment, vehicles, electronics and agriculture. Plastic is cheap, lightweight, strong and malleable. Over million tons of plastic are produced every year, half of which is used to design single-use items such as shopping bags, cups and straws. At least 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year. Floating plastic debris are currently the most abundant items of marine litter. Plastic has been detected on shorelines of all the continents, with more plastic materials found near popular tourist destinations and densely populated areas. The main sources of marine plastic are land-based, from urban and storm runoff, sewer overflows, beach visitors, inadequate waste disposal and management, industrial activities, construction and illegal dumping.

Oceans, which account for 70 percent of the surface of our planet, play a pivotal role in the health of our planet and those who inhabit it. Unfortunately, our oceans are polluted. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration , billions of pounds of trash and other pollutants enter our oceans every year. The monumental impacts of this are far-reaching. There are many causes of ocean pollution.

SOIL POLLUTION

Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects and particles e. Plastic pollution can afflict land, waterways and oceans. It is estimated that 1. Effects on humans include disruption of various hormonal mechanisms.

Plastic pollution is everywhere. It chokes and starves wildlife, distributes germs and toxins, and is eaten by fish and ultimately humans. It is even in the air we breathe.

Marine plastics

Plastic pollution is a major threat to our planet and oceans. Find out its causes and effects, innovative solutions and how you can contribute to stop it. At this rate, there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans by

We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. The soil in which our fruit and vegetables grow is also suffering its consequences, the effects of which getting to us directly, for instance, through the aforementioned foodstuffs. The time has come to look after what lies under our feet! Soil pollution is mostly caused by chemical substances produced by human activity. The soil is the skin of the earth, a mantle full of scars, thousand-year-old wrinkles and more recent injuries caused both by man and nature itself. Some of these ulcers are incurable — such as the extinction of species —, whereas others jeopardise health and food security, all of which threaten the well-being of the world's 3.

Ocean Pollution: Causes, Effects and Prevention

In nature, there is no waste that does not decompose. Making plastic is inexpensive and the applications of the material are endless. Because plastic is so widely used, it almost always ends up in the environment, causing more plastic pollution.

On-the-go lifestyles require easily disposable products, such as soda cans or bottles of water. Still, the accumulation of these products has led to increasing amounts of plastic pollution around the world. Often this includes killing plant life and posing dangers to local animals.

Plastic pollution can be defined as the accumulation of plastic particles and objects in the environment. The amount of plastic we produce in our nowadays society and also the level of pollution from plastic items is shocking. Plastic pollution has significant adverse effects on humans, animals, plants as well as on the whole environmental system. The causes, effects and solutions to the problem are examined in the following. The first items made of synthetic plastic were produced in

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