advantages and disadvantages of questionnaire pdf

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Questionnaire Pdf

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A well-designed and considered questionnaire can be the difference between success and failure. Customers have wants and needs that are constantly changing and evolving.

Questionnaires are a very useful survey tool that allow large populations to be assessed with relative ease. Despite a widespread perception that surveys are easy to conduct, in order to yield meaningful results, a survey needs extensive planning, time and effort. In this article, we aim to cover the main aspects of designing, implementing and analysing a survey as well as focusing on techniques that would improve response rates.

A quick guide to survey research

Read this article to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaire method of data collection. It is an economical way of accumulating information.

It is economical both for the sender and for the respondent in time, effort and cost. The cost of conducting the study with the help of questionnaire method is very low. In questionnaire the researcher has to spend for paper printing and postage only. There is no need to visit each and every respondent personally. So it does not require high cost for conduct of the research. It is probably the best method to collect information, compared to the other methods like interview or observation, when the sample population is spread over a large territory.

It permits a nationwide or even international coverage. Questionnaire makes it possible to contact with many people who could not otherwise be reached.

It can cover a large group at the same time. Goode and Hatt say that when the researcher has to cover the group of respondents who are widely scattered, lie can use the questionnaire in order to minimize the cost. For example, if the researcher wishes to poll the membership of the American Sociological Society, transportation costs for interviewing would be excessive, both in terms of money and time.

There may not be enough time to make the necessary interview. However, questionnaires could be distributed to all those members and information could be collected from them.

This can be done by a single researcher without the large funds otherwise required to hire an interviewing staff to carry out the interview. Replies may be received very quickly in questionnaire method. In this case there is no need to visit the respondent personally or continue the study over a long period. The information about certain personal, secret matters can be best obtained through questionnaire method.

For example, information about sexual relationship, marital relationship, secret desires etc. Compared to other methods like schedule, interview or observation, questionnaire method is regarded as more useful and cheap, where the repetitive information has to be collected at regular interval. Questionnaire is comparatively an easier method to plan, construct and administer.

It does not require much technical skill or knowledge. It puts less pressure on the respondents for immediate response. He can answer it at his own leisure, whereas interview or observation demands specific fixation of time and situation,.

As it is administered, in a written form, its standardized instructions for recording responses ensure some uniformity. Questionnaire does not permit much of variation. Questionnaire may be used as a preliminary tool for conducting a depth study later on by any other method.

Questionnaire has some unique merits as regards validity of information. In methods like interview and observation, the reliability of responses depends on the way the investigator has recorded them. Here they may present biased or prejudiced information of their own. But in questionnaire method, the responses given by the subjects are available in their own language and version.

Therefore, it cannot be wrongly interpreted by the researcher. Questionnaire ensures anonymity to its respondents. The respondents have a greater confidence that they will not be identified by anybody for giving a particular view or opinion. They feel more comfortable and free to express their view in this method. Questionnaire is no doubt the most flexible tool in collecting both quantitative and qualitative information. One of the major limitations of the questionnaire is that it can be applicable only to those respondents who have a considerable amount of education.

It can neither be used for illiterate nor for semi-literate persons. These are the people who constitute a very important segment of the respondents to be covered in the collection of data, but they can be seldom caught. Thus questionnaires are hardly appropriate for a larger section of this type of population.

As in case of questionnaire the researcher does not go to the field, he is not able to establish a proper personal relationship with the respondents. If the respondent fails to understand some of the technical terms or he has any doubt, there is nobody to clarify these technical terms or doubts.

Even though the researcher tries in the best possible manner to make the questionnaire a simple, precise and convenient one, the aim and objective of the questionnaire can be much better explained personally than through any other means. Without the proper personal contact it is very difficult to motivate the respondent to fill up the questionnaire. In case of mailed questionnaire method, the proportion of return is usually low. The factors which are likely to affect the returns are: the layout of the questionnaire, its size, the organisation conducting the research work, the nature of appeal, the kind of respondents chosen for research, inducement for response etc.

The information collected through questionnaire cannot be said to be very much reliable or valid. If the subject misinterprets a question or gives an incomplete or indefinite response very little can be done to connect such response.

As against this, in an interview there is always the possibility of rephrasing questions for further clarification. The questions can be repeated with adequate elaboration if it is so required.

But in questionnaire method there is no opportunity for repeating questions, explaining them or clarifying the doubts for a particular response. The investigator here is not in a position to observe the gestures and expressions of the respondents. He cannot cross check the inconsistencies or misrepresentation of the replies. So in questionnaire method, reliability of responses is very low. Illegible handwriting of the respondent sometimes creates much difficulty for the researcher to understand the responses.

Sometimes the respondents erase and over write too much. These create many difficulties in reading the answers. Often most of the respondents fill up the questionnaire form very poorly.

They sometimes leave out many questions altogether or fill in such a way that, it becomes very difficult on the part of the investigator to follow those responses. Other than this, there may be the problem of language, use of abbreviations and ambiguous terms etc. All these make a questionnaire an incomplete one.

He can judge a respondent, his attitude, understanding of the research topic and, if necessary, can ask some cross questions to correct various errors. So usually the respondent cannot manipulate his answer. But in questionnaire it is very difficult to detect the errors of the respondents. Here the investigator does not have any facility to check the validity and reliability of the information. In the absence of the researcher, the respondents may supply manipulated information.

In questionnaire method, it is not possible on the part of the researcher to conduct an intensive or in-depth study of the feelings, reactions and sentiments of the respondents. All these require a healthy interaction of the researcher with the respondents.

But in questionnaire method, the investigator is not present in the field, so nothing can be done to establish rapport with the respondent. So through questionnaire method one cannot conduct an in-depth study. The respondents who return the questionnaires may not constitute a representative section of the entire group. Only mere responsible, research minded or those in favour of the issue may prefer to respond. Some of the important sections of the group may totally remain silent. This vitiates the final conclusions and findings.

There are many people who would not like to share any important information unless and until they are impressed about the rationale of the study and personality of the investigator.

The questionnaire does not provide for any opportunity to the investigator to establish rapport with the subject and this cannot attract the respondent for a better response.

Some of the research areas are so delicate, sensitive, intricate and confidential in nature that it becomes difficult to frame questions on them. It is impossible to put down certain delicate issues in writing. Points to be Considered While Organizing a Questionnaire.

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaires

Surveys are easy to develop, especially when using the advanced survey software solutions available today. Many researchers are tempted to do much of their data collection online; however, it is not always the preferred mode of data collection, especially if respondents are in hard-to-reach areas. Whether a researcher uses an online survey , mobile survey , paper survey , or a combination of all modes, the mode should depend on the type of study and the demographics of respondents. Online surveys and mobile surveys tend to be the most cost-effective modes of survey research, yet they may not reach those respondents that can only respond using alternate modes. Results of online surveys and mobile surveys may suffer and differ greatly if important respondents are left out of the research. Hard-to-reach respondents may be easier to reach using more traditional methods such as paper surveys or face-to-face interviews. Advanced survey software solutions have multi-mode capabilities for online surveys, mobile surveys, email surveys, paper surveys, kiosk surveys, and more, giving researchers the ability to survey even the hardest-to reach consumers, and analyze data from all survey modes collectively.

Have you ever wondered if conducting a questionnaire is a viable option for your research? In this article, we will focus on the one we know best: questionnaires. As with every research method, there are pros and cons. Get ready to discover the 10 biggest advantages like cost efficiency, scalability and quick results. But also disadvantages such as respondents with their own agenda and a possible lack of personalization.


If possible the questionnaire should be anonymous. Some advantages of questionnaires: x The responses are gathered in a standardised way, so questionnaires.


The advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires in research

A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. Questionnaires can be thought of as a kind of written interview. They can be carried out face to face, by telephone, computer or post.

At times, answers will be chosen before fully reading the question or the potential answers. They can be used in a wide variety of ways. This made collecting real-time feedback almost effortlessly. Advantages and Disadvantages of Surveys Among the different methods of data gathering for research purposes. Open questions differ from other types of questions used in questionnaires in a way that open questions may produce unexpected results, which can make the research more original and valuable.

Read this article to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaire method of data collection. It is an economical way of accumulating information. It is economical both for the sender and for the respondent in time, effort and cost. The cost of conducting the study with the help of questionnaire method is very low. In questionnaire the researcher has to spend for paper printing and postage only.

Surveys can be conducted in various ways like telephone interviews, personal interviews, mail surveys, email surveys, internet surveys, computer direct interviews or questionnaires. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages and much depends on the target audience.

A Review of Advantages-Disadvantages of Questionnaires as a Data Collection Tool

Descriptions of key issues in survey research and questionnaire design are highlighted in the following sections. Modes of data collection approaches are described together with their advantages and disadvantages. Descriptions of commonly used sampling designs are provided and the primary sources of survey error are identified. Terms relating to the topics discussed here are defined in the Research Glossary. The population may be composed of a group of individuals e. There are many different types of surveys, several ways to administer them, and different methods for selecting the sample of individuals or organizations that will be invited to participate.

Questionnaires as data collection tool provide both the researcher and the responder with many advantages. Disadvantages of questionnaires however also stem from the same factors that provide the advantage. A review of the pros ande cons of questionnaires highlight questionnaires as an instrument that allows standardization, ease of use, and anonymity. All these factors however also become the basis for major disadvantages. Questionnaires not only allow researchers to ask the same questions in the same order to all respondents, but also make tabulation and comparison of answers easy and consistent.

ГЛАВА 75 Пальцы Стратмора время от времени касались беретты, лежавшей у него на коленях. При мысли о том, что Хейл позволил себе прикоснуться к Сьюзан, кровь закипела в его жилах, но он помнил, что должен сохранять ясную голову, Стратмор с горечью признал, что сам отчасти виноват в случившемся: ведь именно он направил Сьюзан в Третий узел. Однако он умел анализировать свои эмоции и не собирался позволить им отразиться на решении проблемы Цифровой крепости. Он заместитель директора Агентства национальной безопасности, а сегодня все, что он делает, важно, как. Его дыхание стало ровным. - Сьюзан.  - Голос его прозвучал резко, но спокойно.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Surveys

ГЛАВА 87 Веспа выехала в тихий переулок Каретерра-де-Хуелва. Еще только начинало светать, но движение уже было довольно оживленным: молодые жители Севильи возвращались после ночных пляжных развлечений. Резко просигналив, пронесся мимо мини-автобус, до отказа забитый подростками.

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaires

Сьюзан прочитала их. Стратмор в отчаянии нажал на кнопку просмотра. ОБЪЕКТ: ЭНСЕЙ ТАНКАДО - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН ОБЪЕКТ: ПЬЕР КЛУШАР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН ОБЪЕКТ: ГАНС ХУБЕР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН ОБЪЕКТ: РОСИО ЕВА ГРАНАДА - ЛИКВИДИРОВАНА… Список на этом не заканчивался, и Стратмора охватил ужас.

Questionnaire: Types, Definition, Examples & How to Design Your Own

Да и краска вонючая.

2 comments

Chloe W.

2. Questionnaires are practical. Apart from being inexpensive, questionnaires are also a practical way to gather data. They can be targeted to.

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Pharumaken

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