Perspectives On Deviance And Social Control Pdf
File Name: perspectives on deviance and social control .zip
- 7.1 Social Control and the Relativity of Deviance
- 11.0 Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
- Deviance and Social Control, Sociology of
7.1 Social Control and the Relativity of Deviance
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The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places. In other words, what one group may consider acceptable, another may consider deviant. For example, in some parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Muslim Africa, women are circumcised. In America, the thought of female circumcision, or female genital mutilation as it is known in the United States, is unthinkable; female genital mutilation, usually done in unsanitary conditions that often lead to infections, is done as a blatantly oppressive tactic to prevent women from having sexual pleasure. A number of theories related to deviance and criminology have emerged within the past 50 years or so. For example, juvenile gangs provide an environment in which young people learn to become criminals.
11.0 Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
Deviance and Social Control, Sociology of
Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions. In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality. The term psychopathy is often used to emphasize that the source of the disorder is internal, based on psychological, biological, or genetic factors, whereas sociopathy is used to emphasize predominant social factors in the disorder: The social or familial sources of its development and the inability to be social or abide by societal rules Hare, In this sense sociopathy would be the sociological disease par excellence. It entails an incapacity for companionship socius , yet many accounts of sociopaths describe them as being charming, attractively confident, and outgoing Hare,
Deviance is behavior that violates social norms and arouses negative social reactions. Some behavior is considered so harmful that governments enact written laws that ban the behavior. Crime is behavior that violates these laws and is certainly an important type of deviance that concerns many Americans. The fact that both deviance and crime arouse negative social reactions reminds us that every society needs to ensure that its members generally obey social norms in their daily interaction. Social control refers to ways in which a society tries to prevent and sanction behavior that violates norms.
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