use of active and passive voice pdf

Use Of Active And Passive Voice Pdf

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Passive Voice With Modals 2 5. Though writers are commonly discouraged from using passive voice for the sake of clarity there are instances in which passive voice is the best option. Use the verb to be in the same tense as the main verb of the active sentence.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Passive meaning is basically where subject is not doing anything. Passive Voice Structure: Exactly opposite to Active voice structure.

The Passive Voice

So, in this example, the subject is 'I', the verb is 'drank' and the object is 'two cups of coffee'. But, we don't always need to make sentences this way. We might want to put the object first, or perhaps we don't want to say who did something. This can happen for lots of reasons see the explanation further down the page.

In this case, we can use a passive, which puts the object first: Two cups of coffee were drunk we can add 'by me' if we want, but it isn't necessary. We make the passive by putting the verb 'to be' into whatever tense we need and then adding the past participle. For regular verbs, we make the past participle by adding 'ed' to the infinitive. So play becomes played.

Click here to learn about irregular verbs. Tense Active Passive present simple I make a cake. A cake is made by me. A cake is being made by me. A cake was made by me. A cake was being made by me. A cake has been made by me. A cake has been being made by me. A cake had been made by me. A cake will be made by me. A cake will have been made by me. Practise with these exercises. You can choose either of the two objects to be the subject of the passive sentence.

Other verbs like this are: ask, offer, teach, tell, lend, promise, sell, throw. Try an exercise about this here. Need more practice? Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.

See all my exercises about the passive here. An active sentence like I drank two cups of coffee has the subject first the person or thing that does the verb , followed by the verb, and finally the object the person or thing that the action happens to. How to make the Passive in English We make the passive by putting the verb 'to be' into whatever tense we need and then adding the past participle.

Try an exercise about this here The passive in subordinate clauses You can make the passive in a subordinate clause that has a subject and a normal conjugated verb. This is really the same as a normal passive. Active: I thought that Mary had kissed John. Passive: I thought that John had been kissed by Mary. Active: He knew that people had built the church in Passive: He knew that the church had been built in You can also make the passive using a passive gerund or a passive infinitive in the same place as a normal gerund or infinitive.

The child loves being cuddled. She would like to be promoted. Try an exercise about this here When should we use the Passive? We are more interested in the painting than the artist in this sentence When who or what causes the action is unknown or unimportant or obvious or 'people in general': He was arrested obvious agent, the police.

My bike has been stolen unknown agent. The road is being repaired unimportant agent. The form can be obtained from the post office people in general. In factual or scientific writing: The chemical is placed in a test tube and the data entered into the computer.

In order to put the new information at the end of the sentence to improve style: Three books are used regularly in the class. The books were written by Dr. Bell wrote the books' sound clumsy When the subject is very long: I was surprised by how well the students did in the test.

More natural than: 'how well the students did in the test surprised me' Need more practice?

The Passive Voice

In an active sentence, the person or thing responsible for the action in the sentence comes first. In some sentences, passive voice can be perfectly acceptable. You might use it in the following cases:. An experimental solar power plant will be built in the Australian desert. Insulin was first discovered in by researchers at the University of Toronto. It is still the only treatment available for diabetes.

PASSIVE VOICE PDF.pdf

So, in this example, the subject is 'I', the verb is 'drank' and the object is 'two cups of coffee'. But, we don't always need to make sentences this way. We might want to put the object first, or perhaps we don't want to say who did something. This can happen for lots of reasons see the explanation further down the page.

Passive voice

Grammar lesson plan: 3 activities to teach the passive voice

There are tons of uses for the passive voice. But rather than reading 30 pages on the matter or listen to a lecturer profess its values, students need practice and application; how to identify, practice, and produce the passive voice. I eat dinner.

Example: The piano was played by Liz. It is, however, not incorrect to use the passive voice. For example Grass Subject is being eaten Verb by the cow Object. When we describe the situations and actions we will tell from the perspective of the person or object that acts, it is often correct to use active voice. Someone broke the window.

Only transitive verbs verbs followed by an object can be used in the passive voice. To form the passive tenses you will need the right form of the Active Voice: Mother is cleaning the room. Subject: mother Verb: is cleaning present continuous Object: the room Use the active object the room as the passive subject. Examples: Someone killed the cat. The cat was killed. The room was filled with smoke.


When a sentence is written in the active voice, the subject performs the action; in the passive voice, the subject receives the action. In academic writing, it is.


Passive Voice: When to Use It and When to Avoid It

PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises. PDF book 3: English grammar rules.

Мы ищем число, а не произвольный набор букв. - Четыре умножить на шестнадцать, - спокойно сказал Дэвид.  - Вспомни арифметику, Сьюзан. Сьюзан посмотрела на Беккера, наблюдавшего за ней с экрана.

Active and Passive Voice PDF Notes and Exercises

Мы признаем, что у нас есть ТРАНСТЕКСТ, а Танкадо вручает нам шифр-убийцу. Мы вводим ключ и спасаем банк данных.

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